The government of Canada, in the summer season of 2016, introduced a travel document named Electronic Travel Authorisation (eTA), which is now a mandatory document for travelers who wish to visit Canada.
If you are from a visa-exempt country and traveling to Canada through a flight, you definitely need an Electronic Travel Authorisation to enter the country.
Students and Workers
The students and workers from a visa-exempt country who obtain a study permit or work permit need not worry about the eTA as IRCC (Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada) will automatically receive an eTA upon their approval/acceptance of the work permit application.
Note: If you are a student/worker from a visa-exempt country who has received the work permit before August 1, 2015, will have to apply for an eTA for traveling back and forth to Canada by air.
The U.S. Citizens and Permanent Residents
The U.S. Citizens neither require a visa nor an eTA to travel to Canada. If you are a U.S. citizen, you can easily travel to Canada with your valid U.S. passport. The green card holders must have an eTA to travel to Canada, along with their green card.
If you are a dual citizen holding Canadian citizenship as well as citizenship of another country, you do not need to carry an eTA as long as you have your Canadian passport with you.
Canadian Permanent Residents
The permanent residents of Canada do not need to carry any travel documents such as the Electronic Travel Authorization with them as the Permanent Resident Card (PR Card), which they will most probably have, allows them to travel easily.
For the travelers who need to apply for an eTA no matter the reasons, the good news is that the process for doing so is rather easy. You can apply for the Electronic Travel Authorization from anywhere as the form is available online, on the official website of the government of Canada.
To get started with filling the application form, you need internet access, a valid passport, and an email address, the three essentials required for the eTA form.
You have to fill in your personal details, and travel information, which must include your complete plan of the tour. You need to mention return tickets or tickets to other destinations (in case of in-transit flights), proof that you have enough money to support your tour. After you fill the correct information (You should always be honest while conversing with the authorities as any misinformation can lead to rejection of your application), you can proceed to pay the required fee for the eTA. Regardless of the rejection/approval of your application, you cannot claim the fees back.
When will you receive your eTA?
Mostly, after providing all the personal information and travel details, which you can do in a matter of minutes, you will have to wait only for not more than ten minutes to receive your eTA via mail. The best thing is that once you get approved, your eTA electronically linked to your passport automatically. Thus, you do not need to carry any printed-out document while traveling to the airport.
As compared to the decent fees the authorities charge for the eTA application, its validity seems to be really a plus point. Once you obtain an eTA for Canada, you are eligible to travel to the country for a span of five years, or until your passport expires, whichever situation comes first.
Any misinformation which does not comply with the information which the authorities have can lead to rejection. In such cases, you will receive an email from IRCC (Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada) stating the reasons for your refusal. Some applications although not rejected, don’t get approved instantly and need more time to process. You don’t need to think of that as disapproval as IRCC will notify you about the cause via a mail sent to you within seventy-two hours.
If your application is rejected due to any reason, you should stall your Canada plans as you won’t have any authority to enter the country. It is best to solve the issue prior to the flight and provide further evidence for approval of your Canada ETA Visa Application.